Classification of Forklift Models

Forklift plays a very important role in the enterprise's logistics system and is the main force in material handling equipment.


Forklift plays a very important role in the enterprise's logistics system and is the main force in material handling equipment. Widely used in stations, ports, airports, factories, warehouses and other sectors of the national economy, it is a highly efficient equipment for mechanized loading and unloading, stacking and short-distance transportation. Self-propelled forklift appeared in 1917. During the Second World War, forklifts were developed. China started to manufacture forklifts from the early 1950s. Especially with the rapid development of China's economy, the material handling of most enterprises has been separated from the original manual handling and replaced by mechanized handling mainly by forklift trucks. As a result, the demand for forklift trucks in the Chinese market has been growing at a double-digit rate every year over the past few years.
Forklifts can usually be divided into three main categories: internal combustion forklifts, electric forklifts and storage forklifts.
(1) Internal Combustion Forklifts
Internal combustion forklift trucks are divided into ordinary internal combustion forklift trucks, heavy-duty forklift trucks, container forklift trucks and side forklift trucks.
①General internal combustion forklift trucks
Generally using diesel, gasoline, liquefied petroleum gas or natural gas engine as a power, load capacity of 1.2 to 8.0 tons, the width of the operating channel is generally 3.5 to 5.0 m. Considering the exhaust emissions and noise problems, usually used in outdoor, workshop or other places where there is no special requirements for exhaust emissions and noise. Since it is easy to replenish fuel, it can realize continuous operation for a long time, and it is capable of working in harsh environment (e.g. rainy day).
②Heavy Duty Forklift
Adopting diesel engine as power, with a carrying capacity of 10.0 to 52.0 tons, it is generally used for outdoor operations in the dock, steel and other industries with heavy cargo.
③Container Forklift
Adopting diesel engine as power, with carrying capacity of 8.0~45.0 tons, generally divided into empty container stacker, heavy container stacker and container frontal crane. Used in container handling, such as container yard or harbor terminal operations.
④Side Forklift
Adopting diesel engine as power, with a load capacity of 3.0 to 6.0 tons. Without turning, it has the ability to take goods directly from the side, so it is mainly used to take long goods, such as wood, steel and so on.
(2) Electric forklift trucks
Powered by electric motor and storage battery. Carrying capacity of 1.0 to 4.8 tons, the width of the operating channel is generally 3.5 to 5.0 meters. Because there is no pollution and low noise, it is widely used in working conditions with high environmental requirements, such as medicine, food and other industries. Since each battery generally needs to be charged after about 8 hours of work, it is necessary to equip a backup battery for multi-shift working conditions.

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